|Total Land Area||: 3,095.0713Hectares|
|Timber Land||: 2,821.0974Hectares|
|A&D Land||: 273.9739Hectares|
|Distance from Town Proper||: 14.7518 kms|
|Total Population (as of 2012)||: 2,446|
|Total Number of Households||: 500|
|Topography||: Rolling to high sloping|
|Soil Type||: Sandy loam|
|Climate||: Evenly distributed rainfall|
|Typhoon Occurrence||: Seldom|
|Geographic Location||: 9˚59’30.814” to 10˚03’10.22” North and 124˚13’4.652” to 124˚17’38.212” East|
|Barangay Anniversary||: Every December 04|
|Year Established||: 1951|
|Barangay Fiesta||: Every May 24|
|Patron Saint of the Barangay||: Saint Isidore the Farmer|
|North||: Barangay San Vicente, Trinidad, Bohol|
|South||: Barangay Caluasan, San Miguel, Bohol|
|East||: Barangay Banlasan and San Isidro, Trinidad, Bohol|
|West||: Barangay Dagohoy, Danao, Bohol|
Barangay Kauswagan is an old barrio of Trinidad, Bohol. This barrio is formerly named Sitio Da-at of Barangay Tomoc, San Miguel, Bohol. The name “da-at” was taken from a native grass which is abound in the place. In 1949, during the leadership of Faustino Garay the first Teniente del Barrio together with his councilors Apolonio Lopez and Daniel Refamonte agreed to change the named from Da-at to Isumod. The name “isumod” is taken from the name of the river where most of the people depend on their living at the same time a productive fishing ground.
During the election of 1956, Rufino Dapitilla was elected as 2nd Teniente del Barrio, the named Barrio Isumod remain adopted for three years. In 1959, Daniel Refamonte was elected teniente del barrio and replaced Apolonio Lopez. With his councilors namely: Diego Palban, Bernardino Racines, Pedro C. Cosme and other officials including vice-teniente del barrio on all other sitios, during their meeting with the recommendation of Basilio Cosme, they agreed to change the name isumod into Kauswagan. The named Kauswagan means from the lowlands to highlands in search for progress and development. The changing of name from Isumod to Kauswagan was brought up into a general special assembly wherein three other names were selected. Finally the name Kauswagan was unanimously adopted by the people and was then registered as the official name of the barrio.
Barangay Kauswagan is mainly the cattle ranches of Tomas Gonzales, Tomas Balonga, Lucas Hinlayagan and Mimoy Sentillas were located before. This barrio consists of Sitios Matalinis, Di-is, and Loblob. The first families who migrated into this barrio, particularly in Isomod were the families of Victorino Nuera, Margarito Nogalada, Felipe Dungog, Fidel Cosme, Basilio Cosme, Mimoy Sentillas, and Serapeon Gonzalez.
Later on, this barrio was filled up with settlers from Municipalities of Loon, Maribojoc, Talibon and from adjoining barrios of Kinan-oan, San Vicente, San Isidro, Banlasan, Hinlayagan, and Tomoc of San Miguel. This barrio is a Baguio type, located in high elevation that the climate is cool. It is also within the forest zone and the people were engaged in the kaingin system under the Central Bureau of Forestry in “tree-farm-lease” basis of cultivation. When this barrio was created, the barrio tenientes taking turn after the other were Diego Palban, Rufino Dapitilla, Pedro Cosme, and Segundo Cosme. The barrio captain who served long was Tirso Nuera until 1967. In 1968 election, elected barrio officials were Serapio Crodua, barrio captain; Geronimo Austria, Segundo Cosme, Juan Cosme, Primo Antiporda, Anatalio Turan, and Vidal Garay are councilman.
Kauswagan was mentioned to have been the subject of being recipient of land distribution. It was 1971 when the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources published a department order releasing the forest lease of Kauswagan to be converted into alienable and disposable portion of our public domain. Thus, a subdivision survey for settlement was undertaken by the Bureau of Lands at least three (3) hectares from lot for each individual farmer and about one hundred fifty (150) square meter residential lot for each family.
In 1979, Barangay Kauswagan was made popular due to gold rush where people from all other towns of Bohol and also from Mindanao Provinces migrated to Barangay Kauswagan in search for greener pasture and engage in small scale gold mining. During this time, the local economy boosted and the living condition of the people uplifted as the result of the blessings. Kauswagan became the 2nd highest income earner in terms of municipal-wide survey. It also became the busiest barangay in terms of business activities, it all because of the presence of gold deposits.
When the gold mania subsided during the late 90s, the people focused on rice production, where it became the main source of living even up to this time. People utilized the land previously used as quarry for gold mining.